The General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) is a legal agreement between many countries whose overall objective was to promote international trade by removing or removing trade barriers, such as tariffs or quotas. According to its preamble, its objective was to “substantially reduce tariffs and other trade barriers and eliminate mutually beneficial and reciprocal preferences.” The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA); in Spanish: Tratado de Libre Comercio de América del Norte, TLCAN; In French: North American Free Trade Agreement, ALNA) is an agreement signed by Canada, Mexico and the United States, which creates a trilateral trade bloc in North America. The agreement came into force on January 1, 1994 and replaced the 1988 Canada-U.S. Free Trade Agreement. THE NAFTA trade bloc is one of the largest trading blocs in the world, after gross domestic product. The Dominican Republic-Central America (CAFTA-DR) is a free trade agreement between the United States and the small central American economies. It is called El Salvador, Dominican Republic, Guatemala, Costa Rica, Nicaragua and Honduras. NAFTA replaced bilateral agreements with Canada and Mexico in 1994. The United States renegotiated NAFTA as part of the U.S.-Mexico-Canada agreement, which came into effect in 2020. By giving them access to each other`s markets, they increase trade and economic growth.
The terms of the agreement harmonize commercial activity and a level playing field. They are easier to negotiate than multilateral trade agreements because they cover only two countries. This means that they can come into force more quickly in order to reap the commercial benefits more quickly. If negotiations for a multilateral trade agreement fail, many countries will instead negotiate a series of bilateral agreements. Promote the adoption of a domestic market-based policy that treats private investment in an open, transparent and non-discriminatory manner; and ILO gives investors the right to each party to send an investment dispute with the other party`s government to international arbitration.